Vitamin C Hydrating and Antioxidant Serum
For skin that has become dry, depleted and lacks elasticity. Suitable for sensitive skin.
This serum provides the lipid/water balance necessary to maintain well-hydrated skin. It is necessary to enable the vitamin C to pass deep enough to stimulate elastin and collagen stores. After extensively testing available forms of Vitamin C, we chose magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP), at an optimum 6% (it is in our Multivitamin and Lightening serums too). It is pure ascorbic acid with a magnesium salt added, which improves stability and reduces the risk of irritation. Orange skin and bed-linen is avoided as it is an oxidation-resistant form.
The botanical extracts from chamomile, green tea and rose contain a range of phenolic compounds including epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), selenium and zinc. These help glutamine and panthenol to reduce transepidermal water-loss (TEWL) and improve impaired barrier-function. The inflammation response, especially active in sensitive skin, is further inhibited by salicylic acid and hyaluronic acid. The antioxidant effect is increased by combining the vitamin C with vitamin E and ferulic acid and by including CoQ-10, the antioxidant effect is also boosted. Skin with impaired barrier-function is prone to red, scaly and inflamed areas, so, by calming these and strengthening the skin structure, it can more easily protect itself. Overall, this is a very soothing, emollient and non-oily serum. It restores moisture, rebuilds elasticity and helps restore strength to the epidermal layer.
Directions for Use: Apply the serum morning and/or evening, to clean skin, using finger tips in gentle circular, upward movements (neck to forehead). Leave for two to five minutes to fully absorb, then apply face elixir and moisturiser. If using other serums, use this one after the Resveratrol and the CoQ-10 Serum, before the Copper Peptide Serum, Lightening Serum and Multivitamin Serum. To counter increased sun sensitivity, use a broad-spectrum sun cream when outside.
Vitamin C Serum - Academic research
Xu, Zhong et al, 2021- EGCG benefits on wound healing and inflammation
Rachita Lakra et al Nov 2020 - collagen and wound healing
R Gref et al Oct 2020 - Epidermal thickening and collagen production
Baumann, 2015 collagen production
Campos, Gonçalves et al; Aug 2008 - MAP Vitamin C viscoelastic/elastic ratio and TEWL.
D Darr 1992 - UVB damage
Ingredients: Lavendula angustifolia distillate water; Chamomilla matricaria flower distillate water; Glycerin; Camellia sinensis gyokura leaf extract; Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate; Hydrolysed soy letichin; Calendula flower extract; Cetyl alcohol; Camilla extract; Urea; Panthenol; Tocopherol oil; Inulin; Cyclomethicone; Decyl oleate; Squalane; L-Gluthamine; Salicylic acid; Rosa canina fruit oil; Rubus idaesus seed oil; Azelaic acid; Ferulic acid; Hyaluronic acid, Phenoxyethanol and Caprylyl glycol; Polysorbate 20; Sodium hyaluronate, Ubiquinone (CoQ-10); Pectin; Zinc oxide; Allantoin; Aloe barbadensis leaf powder; Titanium dioxide. Citrus medica limonum oil; Citrus limon fruit oil; Pelargonium roseum flower oil; Lavendula angustifolia flower oil, Vetiver zizanoides root oil, Boswellia carter oleoresin, sandal pentanol, Pogostemon cabling oil, Anthemis nobilis flower oil. Citronellol; limonene; citral; coumarin; geraniol; linalool; linalyl acetate.